Top Nav

Archive | Webservers

Expires Header In Nginx On Plesk

Trying to add an Expires header in Nginx on a Plesk server like this is problematic.

The “location” directive conflicts (overrides) the “location” directive created by Plesk. The work around is to disable “Serve static files directly by nginx” but this is a valuable feature that we usually don’t want to turn off.

An alternative is to use a “map” directive. Setup the map in the global nginx config by creating /etc/nginx/conf.d/expires_map.conf with:

Next in the “Additional nginx directives” field add:

This works well but may not be possible on a shared server where the global nginx configuration can not be changed.

0

Nginx Redirects With Map File

Client provided a CSV file with several thousand redirects for site hosted on Plesk server. For maximum efficiency we implemented the redirects using a map file in Nginx.

Start by convert the CSV file to a map include file with one redirect per line, space delimited and terminated with a colon. For example:

I placed the file at:

/var/www/vhosts/acme.com/redirects/redirect.map

Next step is to add to global nginx config by creating a file at:

/etc/nginx/conf.d/redirect_maps.conf

containing:

Finally in Plesk, for the target subscription (acme.com) in “Apache & Nginx Setting” add the following to “Additional Nginx directives:

0

Clearing PHP opcache

Great article on how to clear the PHP opcache:

https://ma.ttias.be/how-to-clear-php-opcache/

To facilitate use on a Plesk server created script and mapped into namespace:

https://acme.com/opcache_clear

Here’s the script:

And here’s the Apache config to map into a virtual host:

This above config should be placed in the “Apache & nginx setting” screen in the “Additional directives for https” field. In addition to setting the alias path we’re also setting the PHP handler.

Additionally under “Password protected directories” added password protection for “/opcache_clear”. This is just a placeholder for the password file which is referenced in the above config.

0

Apply Basic Auth To Site With Excluded Virtual Path Under Plesk With Apache 2.4

We want to password protect a WordPress development site but allow unauthenticated access to the wp-json/ path. Hosting platform is Plesk with Apache 2.4. We’ll assume the domain is “acme.com” and the assigned IP is “w.x.y.z”.

There are probably better ways to accomplish the goal but this approach seems to work.

Step 1. – In Plesk add a Protected Directory named “/donotremove” and add appropriate user/passwords.

Step 2. – In Plesk on the “Apache & nginx Setting” screen under “Additional nginx directives” add the following:

Step 3. – In Plesk on the “Apache & nginx Setting” screen under “Additional directives for HTTP” and “Additional directives for HTTPS” add the following:

 

 

 

0

Diffie–Hellman (DHE) Ciphers On Nginx

In some cases you may wish to allow Diffie–Hellman (DHE) ciphers in order to support older clients like IE on Windows 7.  On Plesk we often use the “intermediate” level in the Mozilla cipher set as described here:

https://wiki.mozilla.org/Security/Server_Side_TLS

The “intermediate” level includes:

  • ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
  • ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
  • ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
  • ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
  • ECDHE-ECDSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305
  • ECDHE-RSA-CHACHA20-POLY1305
  • DHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256
  • DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384

Of course the “ECDSA” or “Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm” ciphers will only be available if you are using ECC signed certificates.

Additionally the “DHE” ciphers will not be available by default if you are using Nginx releases greater then 1.11. With the 1.11 release Nginx moved the DHE key to an external setting instead of an internally generated key. The stock Nginx packages on Ubuntu and CentoOS do not setup a DHE key which results in the DHE ciphers not being available.

To address this problem, start by generating a key:

Next tell Nginx where to find the key:

Verify Nginx config and restart:

Now the DHE ciphers will be offered to clients and Window 7 / IE clients will be able to connect to the sites hosted on the server.

 

 

 

0