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Clearing PHP opcache

Great article on how to clear the PHP opcache:

https://ma.ttias.be/how-to-clear-php-opcache/

To facilitate use on a Plesk server created script and mapped into namespace:

https://acme.com/opcache_clear

Here’s the script:

And here’s the Apache config to map into a virtual host:

This above config should be placed in the “Apache & nginx setting” screen in the “Additional directives for https” field. In addition to setting the alias path we’re also setting the PHP handler.

Additionally under “Password protected directories” added password protection for “/opcache_clear”. This is just a placeholder for the password file which is referenced in the above config.

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Apply Basic Auth To Site With Excluded Virtual Path Under Plesk With Apache 2.4

We want to password protect a WordPress development site but allow unauthenticated access to the wp-json/ path. Hosting platform is Plesk with Apache 2.4. We’ll assume the domain is “acme.com” and the assigned IP is “w.x.y.z”.

There are probably better ways to accomplish the goal but this approach seems to work.

Step 1. – In Plesk add a Protected Directory named “/donotremove” and add appropriate user/passwords.

Step 2. – In Plesk on the “Apache & nginx Setting” screen under “Additional nginx directives” add the following:

Step 3. – In Plesk on the “Apache & nginx Setting” screen under “Additional directives for HTTP” and “Additional directives for HTTPS” add the following:

 

 

 

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.htaccess – negative file type match

Here’s an example of how to block all files extensions not listed in the regular expression:

 

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Disable Basic Auth For Virtual Path On Plesk

In a recent case we needed to allow request to a particular virtual URL path on a site that was password protected with HTTP Basic Auth. The site was hosted on a Linux server with Plesk, nginx and Apache.  Typically this problem is solved by adding a “Satisfy Any” to the .htaccess in the directory that you want to remove authentication. But this does not work if the path is virtual instead of a physical directory path. Additionally we needed to allow access for a list of IP addresses. We tried an number of different solutions and ended up with the following:

Step 1 – The HTTP Basic Auth and IP access controls are configured in the .htaccess file like this:

Step 2 – In Plesk under:

Add the following block:

where “/excluded/path” is the virtual URL to be allowed access and “x.x.x.x” is the IP address assigned to the site.

When a request comes is received, nginx looks for the path and adds the AUTH_OVERRIDE header. Then the request is passed to Apache which processes the .htaccess file. The AUTH_OVERRIDE header is converted to an “AUTH_REQUEST” environment variable and allow without authentication by the “allow from env=” rule.

There may be better ways to accomplish this solution but this is one that we successfully implemented.

 

 

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Mixing Basic Auth And IP Access Controls

In some cases you might want to require HTTP Basic authentication to a site but allow specific IP addresses to skip the username/password. For Apache this can be configured with:

For nginx the configuration is:

 

 

 

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